When it comes to play, there are 6 main stages which occur as a child grows up and their play becomes a lot more advanced. These involve children being able to cooperate with others and work together in class and on the playground.
Today, we’ll be having a brief look at some cooperative play ideas for kids as well as the different stages to look out for.
What is Cooperative Play?
Cooperative play is defined as being an organised form of activity which involves the equal distribution of efforts and responsibilities among the children to reach a common goal. Knowing this, many people see these activities as being incredibly important in development through childhood.
Some examples could include building dens and putting on performances using a stage with props. These things encourage children to share ideas, work together and come up with stories. This can also incorporate independent learning which is another key part of early development.
Playing is a great tool for helping kids learn at such a young age. It combines fun and education which young pupils need to pay attention and go away learning something new. It develops their physical, mental, social and emotional skills which is vital at this point.
Through this type of play as well, roles like leader and follower are clearer to see amongst the class. It allows those who suit a certain role to build upon it, whilst giving them a chance to experience the other role and understand what it involves.
6 Stages of Play
Children will encounter six different stages of play leading up to cooperative activities with others. Each stage will help with the development of certain skills and overall lead to a child who can take part in social activities without causing any problems. Below are the different stages a child will go through (keep in mind: these different stages don’t necessarily happen in the order given):
- Unoccupied Play – The child is mainly exploring their environment. No rules or structure to it, it’s mostly random exploration. The learning is done through personal interaction with the objects/people they will encounter.
- Onlooker Play – Taking a more of a spectator role, the child will watch other children playing and interacting with objects BUT not interact with them. Social interaction is learnt through observation.
- Solitary Play – Children will choose and bring their own toys near other children but not interact with others. Practically, they will play by themselves but feel the feeling of company.
- Parallel Play – Linking closely to Solitary Play, children will still be playing in proximity with others and not interacting with each other. However, they will be given the same type of toys in Parallel Play e.g. building blocks, to create a sense of common ground.
- Associative Play – Slowly introducing social interaction, children are put in groups for a mutual activity which has no common goal to work towards. This might be painting, building or messing around with sensory materials.
- Cooperative play – At this point, this is where children start to work together towards a common goal such as creating something. A good example is an art project. Some children may collect the supplies and design what the project will be whilst the other half may be the ones who carry out the instructions.
These 6 stages of play are really important in the development of kids and will lead to a stronger a sense of social skills. Incorporating these stages into daily activity will help the process go a lot quicker and more efficiently.
Benefits of Cooperative Play
Cooperative play wields many benefits to those who fully engage with the activities that are presented to them. Some of these benefits include:
- Improvement on physical, social, mental and emotional skills
- Listening and speaking skills are built upon
- Sharing of ideas/responsibilities
- Problem solving
- Work together to reach a common goal
- Concept of everyone being “winners”
A key thing to keep in mind when it comes to this type of play is how everyone is a “winner”. Cooperative play doesn’t have a way to effectively “win” the challenge set for them. However, children will like the aspect of competition and try and turn it into one. Through this, many kids who fail the task set for them may think of themselves as “losers”.
The reason I bring this point up is that the task requires teamwork and instead of trying to win something, they are trying to solve a problem. The difference being, you can’t lose at the task so try and discourage the mentality that some of the kids may have whilst carrying out this activity. With this, children learn that it’s not always about winning and losing, but working as a team.
Playing Cooperatively in Early Years
There’s no doubt that cooperative skills are important in the later years, but I would argue that it’s equally important during the Early Years. Early Years is when the mind is developing at the most effective rate and so teaching children the importance of cooperation through play is a great method to allow the learning to be absorbed into their minds. Have a look at some more outdoor play ideas for EYFS if you would like to find some more activities for your nursery.
Using simple activities, this can be easily incorporated into the mindset of the pupils with no problem. It’s good to teach them at this age as well because cooperative play teaches important concepts like sharing, abiding rules and patience. Teaching these things at such a young age will also benefit the pupils in the future.
Communication Skills on the Playground
Cooperation requires a strong sense of communication for it to be effectively carried out. During the Early Years, this can be hard for young kids as communication is a skill that is built upon through previous experiences. Through performing cooperative tasks, communicating becomes a lot easier between the pupils.
A stronger understanding of how to approach people in difficult situations or how to resolve conflict can be taught through these simple activities. Keep in mind that it’s important for children to encounter these types of problems during play in order to develop. They will help build a general knowledge around effective communication and improve their basic understanding.
Of course, other activities may offer this benefit of developing communication, but cooperative activities put the pupils in situations which are applicable to everyday life and therefore the learning a lot quicker. They can relate to the situations given to them through this mean compared to just normal games.
Cooperative Play Activities
Creating activities at first can be a bit of a challenge for someone who doesn’t know what to do. But here are a few different activities that we recommend that you try and incorporate into your teaching somehow.
A great place to start is with building blocks. Set a task to groups of pupils to construct a building from building blocks. Sounds easy but there’s a twist. Half the group are the suppliers of the blocks and the other half is the actual builders. By doing this, you are encouraging the kids to cooperate with each other to get the job done efficiently and effectively with no problems.
Another great activity to get pupils involved with is running a pretend shop. As this is a role-play based activity, kids can also work on their imaginative thinking, alongside social and logical thinking. Give each child a different role and leave them to run the pretend shop for a while. The roles should intertwine with one another, causing social interactions to occur. There are loads of outdoor play activities for kids which you could incorporate into break times at your school or nursery.
Remember, cooperative playground activities are a great method for improving not just social skills, but a wide range of skills. Try your best to incorporate the activities daily and try to get full engagement from everyone. If you have any other questions about cooperative play ideas for children or you want any more information then get in contact with us today!